Make your workflow faster on terminal.
Ratan Kulshreshtha published on
4 min, 621 words
Tags: terminal short-cuts
Sweet and simple
tldr; terminal cheatsheet.
Working With Processes
Ctrl+C- Interrupt (kill) the current foreground process running in in the terminal. This sends the SIGINT signal to the process, which is technically just a request—most processes will honor it, but some may ignore it.
Ctrl+Z- Suspend the current foreground process running in bash. This sends the SIGTSTP signal to the process. To return the process to the foreground later, use the fg process_name command.
Ctrl+D- Close the bash shell. This sends an EOF (End-of-file) marker to bash, and bash exits when it receives this marker. This is similar to running the exit command.
Controlling the Screen
Ctrl+L- Clear the screen. This is similar to running the “clear” command.
Ctrl+S- Stop all output to the screen. This is particularly useful when running commands with a lot of long, verbose output, but you don’t want to stop the command itself with Ctrl+C.
Ctrl+Q- Resume output to the screen after stopping it with Ctrl+S.
Moving the Cursor
Ctrl+A or Home- Go to the beginning of the line.
Ctrl+E or End- Go to the end of the line.
Alt+B- Go left (back) one word.
Ctrl+B- Go left (back) one character.
Alt+F- Go right (forward) one word.
Ctrl+F- Go right (forward) one character.
Ctrl+XX- Move between the beginning of the line and the current position of the cursor. This allows you to press Ctrl+XX to return to the start of the line, change something, and then press Ctrl+XX to go back to your original cursor position. To use this shortcut, hold the Ctrl key and tap the X key twice.
Ctrl+D or Delete- Delete the character under the cursor.
Alt+D- Delete all characters after the cursor on the current line.
Ctrl+H or Backspace- Delete the character before the cursor.
Alt+T- Swap the current word with the previous word.
Ctrl+T- Swap the last two characters before the cursor with each other. You can use this to quickly fix typos when you type two characters in the wrong order.
Ctrl+_- Undo your last key press. You can repeat this to undo multiple times.
Cutting and Pasting
Ctrl+W- Cut the word before the cursor, adding it to the clipboard.
Ctrl+K- Cut the part of the line after the cursor, adding it to the clipboard.
Ctrl+U- Cut the part of the line before the cursor, adding it to the clipboard.
Ctrl+Y- Paste the last thing you cut from the clipboard. The y here stands for “yank”.
Alt+U- Capitalize every character from the cursor to the end of the current word, converting the characters to upper case.
Alt+L- Uncapitalize every character from the cursor to the end of the current word, converting the characters to lower case.
Alt+C- Capitalize the character under the cursor. Your cursor will move to the end of the current word.
Working With Your Command History
Ctrl+P or Up Arrow- Go to the previous command in the command history. Press the shortcut multiple times to walk back through the history.
Ctrl+N or Down Arrow- Go to the next command in the command history. Press the shortcut multiple times to walk forward through the history.
Alt+R- Revert any changes to a command you’ve pulled from your history if you’ve edited it.
Ctrl+R- Recall the last command matching the characters you provide. Press this shortcut and start typing to search your bash history for a command.
Ctrl+O- Run a command you found with Ctrl+R.
Ctrl+G- Leave history searching mode without running a command.